People talking. Dialogue. Here’s what the American Heritage Dictionary (online) has to say about it:
1. a. A conversation between two or more people. b. A discussion of positions or beliefs, especially between groups to resolve a disagreement.2. a. Conversation between characters in a drama or narrative. b. The lines or passages in a script that are intended to be spoken.
Here we’re mainly concerned with #2, but as you’ll see, #1 is also important, especially #1a.
Writers of technical and scholarly material may not have to bother with dialogue. They can write papers and whole books in which people don’t talk to each other. For fiction writers, memoirists, and writers of nonfiction of a more personal kind, dialogue is almost indispensable. It also comes in handy for journalists and academics who incorporate interviews with real people into their work. They don’t make the dialogue up, but it takes skill and sensitivity to make effective use of it.
I say “almost indispensable” because it’s definitely possible to write a story, a personal essay, or even a novel or book-length memoir with no dialogue in it. But think of all the wonderful things that good dialogue can do:
- It moves the story forward.
- It reveals character, and the relationships between characters.
- It breaks up the text so the reader isn’t confronted by a wall of print on every page.
Don’t discount this last one. Page after page of solid, often lengthy paragraphs can make a book look pretty forbidding. That’s one reason good writers, editors, and designers of technical manuals and academic books use paragraph breaks, headings, illustrations, and other graphic devices to break up their pages.
Listen to people talk. Eavesdrop shamelessly but be discreet. Think twice about writing things down. (Recording people without their consent is definitely unethical and possibly illegal. Don’t do it.) You don’t need the exact words. Pay attention to tone, facial expression, body language.
Listen to the voices talking in your head.
Pay particular attention to conversations where one person is trying to persuade another of something, or trying to get that person to do something.
If you have an opportunity to watch an improv troupe at work, in person or online, use it.
Read everything you write out loud. Especially dialogue. Try it this way and that way till the reader is likely to hear it the way you do.
Lesson #1: The dialogue in novels, memoirs, and even plays sounds real, but it doesn’t sound the way real people talk. Real conversations meander all over the place. Often they never get to the point — or they do, but it’s not obvious what the point is. Sometimes the point is just to keep silence at bay. Sometimes it’s to keep another person from talking.
Lesson #2: Wonderful, vivid dialogue can be crafted from this raw material. Some writers take to it naturally, others have to work harder at it — but it’s like most things to do with writing: the more you practice, and the more observant you are, the better you’ll get at it.
A couple of my previous blog posts deal with dialogue. See “Of Dots and Dashes” and “Editing Workshop, 1.” Both focus on punctuation, which is an essential tool in shaping dialogue.
So — have you got any bits of dialogue that are giving you trouble? Other Write Through It readers can learn from your questions — and from the bits that work especially well too. Send them along using the contact form below.
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